The Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian honour of the Republic of India. Bharat Ratna was established in 2nd January 1954. This award is given for singular service towards literature science, advancement of Ant, and in recognition of exceptional service of the highest order without distinction of position, sex, occupation or race.
The Initial designation for the award named for a rounded gold medal 355 mm in diameter, with the sun and the Hindi legend “Bharat Ratna” above. In December 2011, the government later expanded the criteria to include any field of human achievements. The recommendation for the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President. A maximum of three nominees is awarded this honorable award each year.
The award winner get a certificate (sanad) signed by the president and a peepal-leaf-shaped medal. The award winner get no monetary grant related to the Bharat Ratna awards. Bharat Ratna award will not announced every year. In the Indian order of precedence bharat rata ranked seventh.
Politician C.Rajagopalachari, philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishna and scientist C.V.Raman who were the first awardees of the Bharat Ratna and awarded in 1954. The youngest award winner of the Bharat Ratna become Sachin Tendulkar at the age of 40, in the year 2014 and the oldest award was social reformer Dhondo Keshav Karve was awarded on his 100th birthday. Mother Teresa was awarded to one Naturalized citizen. Only one time its happened that the award was announced for Subhas Chandra Bose but not conferred because of supreme court decision, the press communique announcing Bose’s award was cancelled.
Bharat Ratna List
|C. V. Raman||Tamilnadu||1954|
|Bhagwan Das||Uttar Pradesh||1955|
|Jawaharlal Nehru||Uttar Pradesh||1955|
|Govind Ballabh Pant||Uttarakhand||1957|
|Dhondo Keshav Karve||Maharashtra||1958|
|Bidhan Chandra Roy||West Bengal||1961|
|Purushottam Das Tandon||Uttarpradesh||1961|
|Zakir Husain||Uttar Pradesh||1963|
|Pandurang Vaman Kane||Maharashtra||1963|
|Lal Bahadur Shastri||Uttar Pradesh||1966|
|Indira Gandhi||Uttar Pradesh||1971|
|Mother Teresa||West Bengal||1980|
|Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan||Pakistan||1987|
|M. G. Ramachandran||Tamilnadu||1988|
|Nelson Mandela||South Africa||1990|
|Rajiv Gandhi||Uttar Pradesh||1991|
|Abul Kalam Azad||West Bengal||1992|
|Satyajit Ray||West Bengal||1992|
|Aruna Asaf Ali||West Bengal||1997|
|A. P. J. Abdul Kalam||Tamilnadu||1997|
|Amartya Sen||West Bengal||1999|
|Ravi Shankar||West Bengal||1999|
|Madan Mohan Malaviya||Uttar Pradesh||2015|
|Atal Bihari Vajpayee||Madhya Pradesh||2015|
|Pranab Mukherjee||West Bengal||2019|